使いやすいアカデミック英単語96選!アカデミック英単語を活用してTOEFL Writing試験で表現の幅を広げよう!

本記事では、「TOEFL Writingパートにおいて、高い満点獲得率を誇る中国」では誰もが知る英語教育サイト「wenku.baidu.com」で公開されているTOEFL iBT Writing でそのまま活用できる『アカデミック単語96』をご紹介いたします。

突然ですが、TOEFLライティング・スピーキングにおいて最も多くの人が苦労するポイントは何でしょう?
「話の構成」でしょうか? それとも「文法的な正確さ」でしょうか?

どちらの点も苦労しないといったら嘘になるでしょう。ですが、個人的には最も苦労した(している人も多い)と思う点は・・・「語彙力(表現力)」です!!!

普段から人は、自分の考えを考えを相手に伝える為に、手を変え品を変え例を変え・・・自分の主張を分かりやすく伝える為に何度も「繰り返し」を行います。

しかし、そんな必死の思いも、ちょっとした角度や視点の違いで全く違った印象になってしまいます。

toefl 単語
何かを伝えたければ、その対象を複数の角度/視点(perspective)で捉えることが重要です。
toefl iBT 単語

本当に好きな人に、あなたの思いを伝えるために、”I LOVE YOU”ばかり言っていたら、しつこい奴だと思われるかもしれません。これは極端な例としても、TOEFL Writingもそれと同じで、同じ単語ばかりを使って自分の主張を伝えるのは美しくありません

元々、英文を書く上で「同じ単語ばかりを繰り返し使用すること(repetition)は、冗長(redundant)である」とされ好まれません。

また、Independent WRITINGで満点レベルの内容に求められる要素にTOEFL iBTの運営元のETSは、

“demonstrating syntactic variety,appropriate word choice and idiomaticity, though it may have minor lexical or grammatical errors”

と適切な言葉の使い方を求めています。
要は、「場面に合った単語をいろいろな表現で書いてね」って事なんです。
では、以下の単語「言い換え表現集」をご活用下さい。

TOEFL WRITINGで大活躍必至の、Glotureが厳選したTOEFL WRITINGの書き方テンプレートはこちらからご覧下さい。

「類義語(synonymous)を制すものは、英語を制す。」
TOEFL iBT で116点、TOEIC990点をった人が本気で言っていたのでビデオを作りました。

「え?この単語の意味は何?」
無意識にそう感じて、本番中に焦った事ありますよね。
同じ事を言っているのに、別の単語で言い換えられていたりしますよね。
初めから類義語を知っていればそんな悩みも吹き飛ばせます!

1. important
⇒crucial (extremely important)
⇒significant(amount or effect large enough to be important)

2.common
⇒universal
⇒ubiquitous(if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be everywhere)

3.abundant
⇒ample(enough and usually extra)
⇒plentiful(enough for people’s needs and wants)

4.stick
⇒adhere
⇒cling(hold on something tightly)

5.neglect
⇒ignore(difference: neglect means someone has not paid enough attention to something; ignore means no attention)

6.near
⇒adjacent(twothings next to each other)
⇒adjoin(the same as adjacent)

7.pursue
⇒woo(man woos woman, old-fashioned)
⇒seek(if you seek sth, you try to obtain it. FORMAL)

8.accurate
⇒precise(precise is exact and accurate in all details)
⇒exact(correct in every detail)

9.vague
⇒obscure(unknown or known by only a few people)

10.top
⇒peak, summit

11.competitor
⇒rival
⇒opponent(especially in sports and politics)

12.blame
⇒condemn(if you condemn something, you say it is very bad and unacceptable)

13.opinion
⇒perspective, standpoint(means looking at an event or situation in a particular way)

14.fame
⇒prestige(describe those who are admired)
⇒reputation

15.build
⇒erect(you can erect something as buildings, FORMAL)
⇒establish

16.insult
⇒humiliate(do something or say something which makes people feel ashamed or stupid)

17.complain
⇒grumble (complain something in a bad-tempered way)

18.primary
⇒radical (very important and great in degree)
⇒fundamental

19.relieve
⇒alleviate (alleviate means you make pain or sufferings less intense or severe)

20.force
⇒coerces into(coerce means you make someone do something s/he does not want to)
⇒compel

21.enlarge
⇒magnify(magnify means make something larger than it really is)

22.complex
⇒intricate(if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details)

23. Lonely
⇒solitary (if someone is solitary, there is no one near him/her)

24.small
⇒minuscule(very small)

25.praise
⇒extol(stronger than praise)
⇒compliment(polite and political)

26.hard-working
⇒assiduous(someone who is assiduous works hard or does things very thoroughly)

27.difficult
⇒arduous (if something is arduous, it is difficult and tiring, and involves a lot of efforts)

28.poor(soil)
⇒barren, infertile(used to describe the soil is so poor that plants cannot be planted on it)

29.fragile
⇒brittle
⇒vulnerable(someone who is vulnerable is easily hurt emotionally or physically)

30.show
⇒demonstrate (to demonstrate a fact means tp make it clear to people)

31.big
⇒massive(large in size, quantity, or extent)
⇒colossal(use this word, you emphasize something’s large)
⇒tremendous(INFORMAL)

32.avoid
⇒shun(if someone shuns something, s/he deliberately avoid that something or keep away from it)

33.fair
⇒impartial(someone who is impartial is able to give a fair opinion or decision on something)

34.attack
⇒assault (physically attack someone)
⇒assail (attack violently)

35.dislike
⇒abhor(abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent formoral reasons)
⇒loathe(dislike very much)!

36.ruin
⇒devastate (it means damage something very badly, or utterly destroy it)

37.rare
⇒infrequent (doesn’t happen often)

38.greedy
⇒rapacious(greedy and selfish)

39.always
⇒invariably(the same as always, but better than always)

40.forever
⇒perpetual(a perpetual state never changes)
⇒immutable(something immutable will never change or be changed)

41.surprise
⇒startle(it means surprise you slightly)
⇒astound(surprise you to a large degree)
⇒astonish(the same as astound)

42.enthusiasm
⇒zeal (a great enthusiasm)
⇒fervency (sincere and enthusiasm)

43.quiet
⇒tranquil(calm and peaceful)
⇒serene(calm and quiet)

44.expensive
⇒exorbitant(it means too expensive that it should be)

45.luxurious
⇒lavish(impressive and very expensive)
⇒sumptuous(grand and very expensive)

46.boring
⇒tedious(if you describe something tedious, you mean it is boring and frustrating)

47.respect
⇒esteem(if you esteem someone, you respect and admire him/her. FORMAL)

48.worry
⇒fret(if you fret about something, you worry about it)

49.cold
⇒chilly(unpleasantly cold)
⇒icy(extremely cold)

50.hot
⇒boiling(very hot)

51.dangerous
⇒perilous(very dangerous, hazardous(dangerous, especially to people’s safety and health)

52.nowadays
⇒currently

53.only
⇒unique(the only one of its kind)
⇒distinctive;

54.stop
⇒cease(if something ceases, it stops happening or existing)

55.part
⇒component(the components of something are the parts that it is made of)

56.result
⇒consequence(the results or effects of something)

57.obvious
⇒apparent
⇒manifest

58.possible
⇒feasible(if something is feasible, it can be done, made or achieved)

59.so
⇒consequently
⇒accordingly

60.quite
⇒fairly

61.pathetic
⇒lamentable(very uncomfortable and disappointing)

62.field
⇒domain(a particular field of thought, activities or interest)

63.appear
⇒emerge(come into existence)

64.whole
⇒entire(the whole of something)

65.wet
⇒moist(slightly wet)
⇒damp(slightly wet)
⇒humid(very damp and hot)

66.wrong
⇒erroneous(incorrect or partly correct)

67.difficult
⇒formidable

68.change
⇒convert(change into another form)

69.typical
⇒quintessential(this word means represent a typical example of something)

70.careful
⇒cautious(very careful in order to avoid danger)
⇒prudent(careful and sensible)

71.ability
⇒capacity
⇒capability(the same as ability)

72.strange
⇒eccentric(if some one is eccentric, s/he behaves in a strange way,
or his/her opinion is different from most people)

73.rich
⇒affluent(if you are affluent, you have a lot of money)

74.use
⇒ utilize (the same as use)

75.dubious
⇒skeptical(if you are skeptical about something, you have doubts on it。)

76.satisfy
⇒gratify (if you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure and satisfaction)

77.short
⇒fleeting, ephemeral(if something is ephemeral, it lasts a short time)

78.scholarship
⇒fellowship

79.angry
⇒enraged(extremely angry)

80.smelly
⇒malodorous(used to describe an unpleasant smell)

81.ugly
⇒hideous(if something is hideous, it is very ugly or unattractive)

82.attractive
⇒appealing(pleasing and attractive)
⇒absorbing(something absorbing can attract you a great deal)

83.diverse
⇒miscellaneous(a miscellaneous groups consists of many different kinds of things)

84.disorder
⇒disarray, chaos

85.crazily
⇒frantically(used to describe someone who behaves in a wild and uncontrolled way)

86.rapid
⇒meteoric(ATTENTION: meteoric is only used to describe someone achieves success quickly)

87.ordinary
⇒mundane(very ordinary and not at interesting or unusual)

88.despite
⇒notwithstanding(FORMAL)

89.best
⇒optimal(used to describe the best level something can achieve)

90.sharp
⇒acute(severe and intense)

91.unbelievable
⇒inconceivable(if you deem something inconceivable, you think it very unlike to happen )

92.puzzle
⇒perplex(something perplex someone means it confuses and worries him/her because he/she does not understand it)

93.method
⇒avenue(away of getting something done)

94.famous
⇒distinguished(used to describe people who are successful in their career)

95.ancient
⇒archaic(extremely old and extremely old-fashioned)

96.decorate
⇒embellish(embellish means make something look more attractive via decorating it with something else)

今日も頑張りましょう!

ABOUTこの記事をかいた人

EIGOHERO

英語で誰もが”HERO”に。

EIGOHEROは、「英語を活かしてグローバルの舞台で活躍したい人」や「ビジネスレベルの英語力を活かした転職を希望している人」を応援する語学学習メディアです。

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